Anonymous asked: This is a racist website, why are you a racist?
I fail to understand what is racist about talking about the historic contributions of people who are either not white or not men in the United States of America.
“You have grown so much to be a part of my life that it is empty without you.”
For Eleanor Roosevelt's birthday today, her controversial and beautiful love letters to Lorena Hickok.
North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company opened for business in April 1899 in Durham, North Carolina. The company collected $1.12 its first month, but it became one of the biggest African American financial institutions in the United States. North Carolina Mutual grew out of the racial climate that existed at the turn of the twentieth century. When Jim Crow laws shut blacks out of white institutions, African Americans established their own businesses to meet the needs and demands of their communities.
By the early 1910s, Durham’s four-block Parrish Street district became known as “Black Wall Street”. In 1907, Mechanics and Farmers Bank was organized and soon joined NC Mutual on Parrish Street. Anchored by these institutions, other businesses followed suit. Black Wall Street thrived and Durham would enjoy nickname “Capitol of the Black Middle Class” for many years.
Durham’s Parrish Street district remained a center for black entrepreneurs until around 1970. Both NC Mutual and Mechanics and Farmers Bank are still in business today.
Photo: North Carolina Mutual Executives, ca. 1919 (Source: William Jesse Kennedy Papers, #4925, University of North Carolina Library)
BLACK FIRST: Mabel Fairbanks … ICE BREAKER!
Mabel Fairbanks was the first African American inducted into the US Figure Skating Hall of Fame.
She was born in New York City. As a young girl in the 1930s, Fairbanks discovered her lifetime passion watching a Sonia Henje movie. She then saw a pair of black skates in a pawnshop window and talked the guy down to $1.50. They were two sizes too big, but that didn’t stop Fairbanks. She stuffed them with cotton, found her balance on blades by going up and down the stairs in her building, and took to the nearby frozen lake. It wasn’t long before Fairbanks was sailing across the ice. When a passerby suggested she try out the rink in Central Park, she was soon skating and attaining solid 6.0 judging, but the pro clubs wouldn’t have her because of her race.
"I remember they said to me, ‘we don’t have Negroes in ice shows.’ "But I didn’t let that get in my way, because I loved to skate."
Fairbanks continued to refine her skill and returned to the rink again and again. Then one day, the manager noted her persistence and the shiny pair of new skates her uncle bought her from the Macy’s basement, and he let her inside. From then on, Fairbanks’ ability and sparkle shattered the race barrier at that pivotal rink, and professional skaters started giving her free lessons. In the 1940s, Fairbanks came to Los Angeles and performed in nightclubs like Cyro’s.
When Fairbanks was invited to skate on the road with the Rhapsody On Ice show, she jumped at the chance, even though they said they needed her as “someone to skate in the dark countries.” She wowed international audiences, returning to Los Angeles only to find it still blind to her talent but not to her color. “They had a sign at the Pasadena Winter Gardens that read “Colored Trade Not Solicited,” she remembers. “But it was a public place, so my uncle had newspaper articles written about it and passed them out everywhere until they finally let me in.”
She landed a role on KTLA television’s Frosty Follies show and continued to perform at local showrooms, yet Fairbanks still wasn’t allowed to join professional skating clubs. She got herself and other Blacks in by sending for individual memberships from the United States Professional Skating Association (USPSA), without letting them know they were black.
Fairbanks opened the door for other young Blacks to compete in skating, but her pro years had passed, so she became a teacher and coach in Culver City and the Hollywood Polar Palace. Famed Olympic medalist Scott Hamilton learned from Fairbanks when he was just a young beginner, and she gave free lessons to those too poor to pay.
While at the Polar Palace, her students included many celebrities and their children, like Natalie Cole, Ricky Nelson, Danny Kaye, and Jimmy Durante. It was Fairbanks who paired the Tai Babilonia and Randy Gardner while watching them skate. Many of her Black skating students went on to be Olympic gold medallists because she skated over, around and through walls of racism. Fairbanks’ ability to do and teach has helped cultivate some of the finest skaters of the century. “If I had been allowed to go in to the Olympics or Ice Capades like I wanted to then, I may not have helped other Blacks like I did, and coached such wonderful skaters, and I think all that has been just as important and meaningful.”
You could find Fairbanks rink side, coaching pro skaters at Iceland in Van Nuys. While the “official” skating world denied Fairbanks’ contributions, world-renowned skaters sought her out as a coach. Her students include the United States and World Champions Tai Babilonia and Randy Gardner, Kristi Yamaguchi, Rudy Galindo, and Tiffany Chin. In 1998, Fairbanks was honored with the Silver Achievement Award, Sports Category, at the YWCA’s Leader Luncheon at the Bonaventure Hotel in Los Angeles.
She taught and coached on the ice until she was 79 years old and was diagnosed with Myasthenia Gravis, a disease that weakens the muscles. Mabel Fairbanks died at 85 on September 29th, 2001 in Los Angeles.
Check out her video here: Mabel Fairbanks
Anonymous asked: THIS IS AN INGENIOUS TITLE!!! "US History Minus White Guys" Seriously, it just made my day!!! :)
Amazing Ancient Ruins of the Pueblo People
Ancient Pueblo people were an ancient Native American culture centered on the present-day Four Corners area of the United States, comprising southern Utah, northeastern Arizona, northern New Mexico, and southwestern Colorado. Archaeologists still debate when this distinct culture emerged but the current consensus is around 12th century BC.
They lived in a range of structures, including pit houses, pueblos, and cliff dwellings designed so that they could lift entry ladders during enemy attacks, which provided security. The pictures above feature some of the amazing pueblos and cliff dwellings of these people. The most photographed ruin is the “House on Fire” (picture 1). This ruin, when captured at certain times of the day, resembles a dwelling on fire and is a favorite among photographers.
- "House on Fire" ruin in Mule Canyon, South Fork, Utah
- Petroglyph with the prehistoric symbol, flute player Kokopelli
- Multistory dwellings at Bandelier. Rock wall foundations and beam holes and “cavates” carved into volcanic tuff remain from upper floors
- Laguna Pueblo dwellers posing for a picture
- Doorways, Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico
- Casa Rinconada, Chaco Culture National Historical Park, New Mexico
- Ancestral Pueblo ruins in Dark Canyon Wilderness, Utah
- Cliff Palace, Mesa Verde National Park
The Repatriation of African-Americans to Liberia
Chancy Brown- Sergeant-at-arms For The Liberian Senate, 1856-1860.
An early daguerrotype by an early African-American daguerrotypist about a uniquely African-American topic: the repatriation of African-Americans to Liberia. A difficult piece of history and a striking portrait.
13,000 African-Americans moved to Liberia during the early- to mid-nineteenth century under the aegis of the American Colonization Society and this had a long term impact on Liberian culture because these people brought Southern plantation culture with them, setting themselves up at the top.~ Note the thoroughly Westernized apparel of this African state official: epaulette, tuxedo front, velvet jacket, and satin or silk vest—all status symbols.
African American Photographer: Augustus Washington (1820/1821 - June 7, 1875) was a photographer and daguerreotypist who later in his career emigrated to Liberia. He is one of the few African American daguerreotypist whose career has been documented. He wanted to move to Liberia because he believed African Americans should leave the United States and start their own colony in Africa where they would not be discriminated against and would enjoy equal rights. The American Colonization Society started the process of moving African Americans to Liberia and help fund the colony. He later gave up his photographic work and became a sugarcane grower and politician.
Source: Wiki Source: The Connecticut Historical Society Photo: Library of Congress. StaceyPalmer@TheCivilWarParlor TUMBLR
“Right. So who did he find when he came here?” I asked. Usually, a few students would say, “Indians,” but I asked them to be specific: “Which nationality? What are their names?”
In more than 30 years of teaching U.S. history and guest-teaching in others’ classes, I’ve never had a single student say, “Taínos.” How do we explain that? We all know the name of the man who came here from Europe, but none of us knows the name of the people who were here first—and there were hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of them. Why haven’t you heard of them?
This ignorance is an artifact of historical silencing—rendering invisible the lives and stories of entire peoples.
[…] In an interview with Barbara Miner, included in Rethinking Columbus, Suzan Shown Harjo of the Morning Star Institute, who is Creek and Cheyenne, said: “As Native American peoples in this red quarter of Mother Earth, we have no reason to celebrate an invasion that caused the demise of so many of our people, and is still causing destruction today.” After all, Columbus did not merely “discover,” he took over. He kidnapped Taínos, enslaved them—“Let us in the name of the Holy Trinity go on sending all the slaves that can be sold,” Columbus wrote—and “punished” them by ordering that their hands be cut off or that they be chased down by vicious attack dogs, if they failed to deliver the quota of gold that Columbus demanded. One eyewitness accompanying Columbus wrote that it “did them great damage, for a dog is the equal of 10 men against the Indians.”
Corporate textbooks and children’s biographies of Columbus included none of this and were filled with misinformation and distortion. But the deeper problem was the subtext of the Columbus story: it’s OK for big nations to bully small nations, for white people to dominate people of color, to celebrate the colonialists with no attention paid to the perspectives of the colonized, to view history solely from the standpoint of the winners.