Black Civil War Veteran’s Grave Identified at Oak Ridge
People keep finding notable Civil War veterans buried in unmarked graves at Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield. Lewis was a member of the 29th U.S. Colored Infantry. He fought at the famous Battle of the Crater in July 1864, where his wounds led to the amputation of a leg and arm.
This image of Lewis Martin was taken by Dr. Reed Bontecu, a surgeon in Washington, D.C., who took more than 1,000 photographs of Civil War soldiers he had treated. Martin’s image has become iconic, symbolizing the sacrifice by African-American soldiers during the war. The photo is in the National Archives. It was only recently discovered that Martin is buried at Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield. The picture was undiscovered until a group working for the Civil War Conservation Corps found it glued to Lewis’ disability certificate.
July 16, 1947: Birthday of comrade Assata Shakur, revolutionary Black freedom fighter and escaped U.S. political prisoner, currently living in exile in socialist Cuba.
Harmony Community, Putnam County, Georgia…. This old woman was a slave and belonged to the family on whose place she now lives. She was a small girl when Sherman’s Army came through. 05/28/1941 - 06/01/1941
Irving Rusinow, photographer. From the Photographic records of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics.
In his final campaign before his death, civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. lent his support to a strike by sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee. This flyer was distributed to sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee, asking them to “March for Justice and Jobs” on March 22, 1968. Included are directions for the route to be followed and instructions to the marchers to use “soul-force which is peaceful, loving, courageous, yet militant.”
Exhibit 1 in City of Memphis vs. Martin Luther King, Jr, 1968
Born into slavery in Thomasville, Georgia, on March 21, 1856, Henry Ossian Flipper was appointed to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York, in 1873. Over the next four years he overcame harassment, isolation, and insults to become West Point’s first African American graduate and the first African American commissioned officer in the regular U.S. Army.
Photograph of Lt. Henry O. Flipper, Photo by Kennedy, ca. 1877; Center for Legislative Archives; Records of the U.S. House of Representatives; National Archives and Records Administration (Reproduced with the permission of the U.S. House of Representatives)
Fugitive slave arrested…and freed
This March 17, 1858, warrant—from the only known Federal fugitive slave case tried in California—directed the arrest of a fugitive slave named Archy. His owner, Mississippian C. A. Stovall, claimed to be visiting California when Archy became a fugitive. Stovall demanded that Archy be returned to him. Archie was tried in California and Federal courts and eventually freed.
Warrant of Arrest, 03/17/1858